Facts you should know about Pipe Fitting in 2021

How did pipe fitting emerge?

Have you ever wondered, when you turn the valve of your sink, what causes the water to gush out of the tap? What causes gas to leak from your gas cylinder to your stove when you need flames to satisfy a midnight hunger? Pipes, to be precise. Pipes have been around for a long time. Traveling from a faraway source to the destination of your doorstep, via the walls and directly under our feet, pipes constitute a larger supply framework of pipelines that simplifies our life multifold. Our forefathers invented this technology in 5000BC, and with it emerged pipe fitting.

What are the changes seen in pipe fitting techniques?
Since then, a little-known advancement has been made in this area, and pipe fitting technology has remained ‘ancient’ for nearly 5000 years. Things, however, are changing. In the piping industry, innovations in pipe fitting have proven to be game-changing. What equipment and techniques are used in pipe fitting? What are these “long-awaited” new inventions, exactly? What are some of the prominent materials of construction and their advantages over others? Let’s find out.

Pipe fitting? Never heard about that!

What is pipe fitting?
Pipe fitting is simply the installation and repair of pipes and tubes. But it can be tricky when you do not go for a proper plumbing certification program. We often experience situations where we must alter, break, reduce, avoid, or reverse the flow of fluid through pipes. As we know, pipes are used to move liquid or sometimes gas from one point to another. Pipefitters, also known as ‘fitters,’ are primarily responsible for this. It is mainly accomplished via the interface between two pipes, which is used to link them. Depending on the desired outcome, these interfaces are carefully chosen. Plastic, copper, aluminum, carbon steel, and other materials are used to make pipes. A pipe fitter’s role ensures that the correct pipe material is used for the proper purpose and setting.

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What are pipe fitting connections like?

Pipe fittings usually refer to the components employed to join pipe sections and numerous fluid control products like valves, compressors, and pumps to construct the pipelines. In today’s generation, the common connotation of fittings is attributed to only metal and plastic pipes which carry fluids. However, numerous other variations of pipe fittings are prominently used to establish a network of connecting pipes for handrails and other architectural elements. These fittings usually undergo multiple processes to acclimatize to the required application: they can be welded or threaded, chemically adhered, or mechanically joined depending on various factors, including the material of the pipe. This means that pipefitters are usually trained for welding skills along with other demands of the job.

How to choose pipe fitting materials?

Choosing the pipes’ material depends on various factors: environment, the material properties of the fluid flowing, specific desirable characteristics and working conditions, etc. Metal pipes, for example, corrode quickly in acidic environments, so plastic or PVC pipes are the better options. Repairing and maintaining pipes is another duty that falls on the shoulders of a pipe fitter. Any pipe has a maximum age, beyond which it must be replaced or repaired if it reaches that age or develops an unforeseen fault that may result in disastrous events.

What are the different interfaces or pipe fittings?

Interfaces are also known as pipe fittings. Pipe fittings are used to regulate the flow of material inside the pipe. Depending upon the material flow to be achieved, appropriate pipe fitting is selected. There are many different categories in pipe fittings. Some are given below.

  • Pipe elbows– pipe elbows are used to change the flow of material to a specific angle.
  • Tee structures– connecting three pipes at one point can be established by a tee joint or tee structure.
  • Reducers– Depending upon the ratio of the area between the inlet, outlet of the reducer, the material flow is reduced. The higher the area of the inlet or lower the outlet area, the lower the rate of flow of material.

Different types of pipe fittings

  • End caps– as the name suggests, it is attached to the pipe’s end to stop the further flow of material out of the pipe.
  • U bend– the usage of fitting to reverse the flow of material by turning the flow 180˚.

Common techniques that pipefitters use

Different techniques in pipe fitting

  • Pipe bending– Three rollers, two on one side and one on the other side of the metal pipe, are used to give the pipe a bend of a specific radius. The radius of the curve is determined by pressure exerted by rollers on the pipe.
  • Buttweld– Pipe fittings that allow for flow to divert, or make it split in multiple pipes and are weldable, are subjected to butt-welding. Mainly, stainless-steel fittings are butt-welded as it is more cost-efficient.
  • Forged fittings– This is a technique of manufacturing fittings, with certain advantages over other manufacturing techniques. When molten metal is poured into a fitting-shaped Mould and then cooled slowly, we get forged fitting. Fittings made from other techniques such as welded fittings, malleable iron fittings, etc., are less durable than forged fittings.
  • Abrasion resistance– This technique is used in pipe fitting to reduce the wear of pipes from the continuous flow of material inside them. In this technique, the ordinary metal pipe is coated with ceramic from the inside. This coat helps to reduce corrosion from inside of the pipe.

What’s new in pipe fitting?

Because of ancient pipe fitting techniques still used today and age, much labor and time are lost. The companies in the piping industry have spent a lot of money on these old methods. What can change this? What new approaches and resources are available to help with this problem? Let’s see what happens.

  • Alignment clamps– During the welding process, this tool is used to align steel pipes. These claps have teeth that apply pressure to the pipe to align it properly. These clamps have a t-handle on top that is used to change pipe size and can also be used on round pipes.
  • Electrode grinders– Electrode grinders are highly advanced machines used to remove excess welding materials from welded joints and reduce the size of pipes with millimeter-level accuracy.
  • Purge monitors– Purge monitors are sensors that detect the amount of oxygen in a given location. These monitors are used to detect the presence of oxygen and other oxides in the welding field. The concentration of oxygen can be kept under control by using these monitors. Metal oxides appear on the metal surface where welding is taking place due to high temperatures. These impurities make the weld weaker and later creates failures in fittings.

IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL FACTS:

High-Pressure Elbow- Connections and Application
One of the most crucial components in the pipe fittings includes a high-pressure elbow comprising a curved pipe bending- with a unique characteristic of having a connected shunt straight channel. These are reasonable structures that aim at evenly distributing the piping stress, facilitating convenient operation, reduced the pipeline resistance, and eventually optimizes the pipeline arrangement that is highly economically viable due to cheap investments, reduced operational costs, reduced piping vibrations, ensuring long life and safe operation of the equipment and pipeline. This part of the pipe is usually constructed with cast iron, stainless steel, alloy steel, nonferrous metals, etc. The connection thus established can be flange, thread, socket, or spigot joint.

Pipe fitting conjunction – Stainless Steel
Stainless steel is one of the most preferred materials in the manufacturing of components of pipe fitting. The main advantages of stainless steel being; Simplified operation: The conjunction of stainless steel is easy to manufacture and can be operated professionally through simple training. The prominent attribution is that stainless steel exhibits stabilized engineering quality, raised working efficiency, and overcomes the complexities involved in the installation technology. In addition, ease in maintenance: The unique flexibility, characteristics like anti-shock, anti-shrinkage, welding, and expansion exhibited by stainless grooves tend to be more adaptable to temperature changes and reduces the damage to major structural components.

Main attributes in pipe fitting
Usually, through various components like bends and fittings, pressure drops can be significant depending on the length of the system. These losses play a massive role in multiple such constrictions in the construction and minimal inclusion of straight pipes. They are thus engineered carefully by computing the equivalent length of such pipes for each component. Therefore pipeline engineers play a crucial role in maintaining efficiency in the long run by verifying the minor losses in the construction.

Pipefitter certification course philadelphia Philadelphia Technician Training Institute
As we can see, the job of a pipefitter is manifold so we need pipefitter school for better training. They are responsible for holding constructions together. The career as a pipefitter is definitely in high demand with such a demanding and fulfilling nature of work. Many industries find the use of trained and certified pipefitters in the job from plumbing programs. With training in different skills such as welding, pipefitters are a valued asset in the industry and have various job opportunities all over the globe. You can become a certified pipefitter with training in as little as six months. With one of the best plumbing trade schools in Philadelphia, you can give your career the boost it needs. With construction on the rise and economies getting back stability, pipefitter training will pay off with an excellent career for future success.

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